The circle pictured here has radius 7. Find the shaded area.
How to get started: The formula for the area of a circle (which you probably know anyway) is given in that box of math facts at the beginning of the section
Since we know what the radius is, finding the area of the whole circle is easy enough
Unfortunately, the question didn’t ask for the area of the whole circle; it asked for the area of the shaded region. So we need to figure out what part of the circle this forty degree section represents.
The same box that gave us the formula for a circle also tells us how many degrees are in a circle (360) which makes it fairly easy to figure out what part of the circle forty degrees represents.
The shaded part therefore represents one ninth of the area we just figured out.